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Pest Information

Eastern Carpenter Bee

Eastern Carpenter Bee

  • Latin Name: Xylocopa virginica
  • Common Name: Eastern Carpenter Bee
  • Other Names: N/A

Pest Details

Eastern Carpenter Bee


These are native insects in North America


Carpenter bees are solitary bees that get their common name from their habit of boring chambers in solid wood in order to create living quarters for their larvae. Softer woods such as redwood may be preferred, and the wood is not eaten, but instead is reduced to sawdust (“frass”) which is ejected from the tunnels. The female bee does the excavating, and several females may be working in the same section of wood and using the same entrance hole, but creating separate galleries. Males and females over-winter in old galleries and emerge in the spring to mate. They will both die before the end of the summer and it is their offspring which begin the next year’s activity. The galleries may be used repeatedly, with each new female lengthening the tunnel, which often can be over 10 feet in length. She creates an average of 6 or 7 cells, each separated by a plug, and places an egg and a food supply of pollen and nectar in each cell. Once this is completed she never returns to care for the larvae.


This is the most common species of carpenter bee in eastern North America. It is a large species with adults up to 1 inch long, with both males and females deep black and shiny, but with the thorax covered by a layer of short dark yellow hairs. They may be separated from bumblebees by the relative lack of hairs on the abdomen, as well as by their more rapid, erratic flight habits. Damage from these bees is hidden within the wood, often with only the round entrance hole visible. Within the wood the galleries extend with the grain of the wood, and are almost perfectly round, ending with the cells in which the larvae develop.

Characteristicts Important to Control:

Surface coatings of paint or varnish are somewhat repellent, but not always. Injection of a residual dust insecticide into the gallery opening, followed by placement of a plug in the opening, will confine the bees to this treated area if done at night. Holes can then be permanently sealed. Where the bees are creating galleries over large areas of exterior surfaces, such as siding, some protection may be provided by spot treating the most susceptible areas with a microencapsulated insecticide. In general, though, these are important pollinators and if they are not attempting to nest within important wood members they should not be harmed.

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