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Showing 94 types of GRASS

Alexandergrass

Latin Name: Urochloa Plantaginea

Native to tropical America and found throughout South and Central America, in the United States from Florida north along the Atlantic coast states to Pennsylvania, as well as in Hawaii.

Annual Bluegrass

Latin Name: Poa Annua

Native to Europe, but one of the most widely distributed weed grasses in the United States. It thrives in turf, gardens, crops, roadsides, or any other open area.

Bahiagrass

Latin Name: Paspalum Notatum

Native to South America, but now spread throughout all of Latin America, the West Indies, Hawaii, and the southeastern U.S.

Barnyard Grass

Latin Name: Echinochloa Spp.

Native to Eurasia and Africa, and now occurring throughout North America. This grass will grow in virtually any situation, crop or non-crop, landscape and turf.

Bermudagrass

Latin Name: Cynodon Dactylon

Native to Africa, but a common weed now around the world. Several hybrids are used as desirable turf.

Big Quaking Grass

Latin Name: Briza Mazima

Native to Europe, and introduced to the United States, where it now occurs very sporadically along the West Coast, in Colorado and Illinois, in Georgia and states around New York, as well as in Hawaii.

Big Squirreltail

Latin Name: Elymus Multisetus

Native to the western United States, and found from the Rocky Mountains to the west coast.

Blackgrass

Latin Name: Alopecurus Myosuroides

Native to Eurasia where it can be a severe weed problem. Now widespread throughout the United States, but less of a problem here.

Blanket Crabgrass

Latin Name: Digitaria Serotina

Native to North America, and found in the U.S. along the eastern states south throughout Florida, and west to Texas.

Blue Grama

Latin Name: Bouteloua Gracilis

Native to the dry plains of central North America, and found from Alberta, Canada, south in the U.S. to Florida, Texas and Mexico, and west to Idaho and California.

Bog Muhly

Latin Name: Muhlenbergia Uniflora

A native grass in North America, occurring in the extreme northeast and north central states and in southeastern Canada.

Brachiaria

Latin Name: Brachiaria Mutica

Native to Africa or possibly South America as well, but found throughout the world due to its introduction as a forage grass. It is considered a principle to serious weed pest in crops in many countries of the world.

Bristly Foxtail

Latin Name: Setaria Verticillata

Native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, introduced to the United States from Europe.

Broomsedge

Latin Name: Andropogon Virginicus

Native to North America, and found throughout the United States and down into Central America.

Buffelgrass

Latin Name: Pennisetum Ciliare

An introduced weed that now can be found in the United States from California to Florida and in Hawaii, as well as sporadically in the Northeast and Midwest.

Bulbous Bluegrass

Latin Name: Poa Bulbosa

Introduced from Europe, and now found widely in the western United States.

Bushy Bluestem

Latin Name: Andropogon Glomeratus

Native to North America along the east coast, and now naturalized in California and Hawaii, as well as Japan and Australia and in the West Indies, Central America and into northern South America.

California Brome

Latin Name: Bromus Carinatus

Native to the western United States, where it is found along the Pacific Coast states from Washington to California.

Carpetgrass

Latin Name: Axonopus Affinis

Found throughout the world in mild climates, and in the U.S. in the eastern half of the country.

Cheat

Latin Name: Bromus Secalinus

Introduced from Europe, and now common throughout the United States.

Common Reed

Latin Name: Phragmites Australis

Native to the South America, but introduced deliberately to the western states as an ornamental plant. Also used for windbreaks, roofing, mats, screens, and even in adobe used for building adobe structures. As an escaped non-native weed it grows readily along the banks of waterways and ponds, interfering with water flow and helping to create stagnant areas.

Common Rye

Latin Name: Secale Cereale

A native of Asia this grass was introduced as a forage plant in the United States. It is now found throughout North America to Alaska, and south into Latin America.

Common Velvetgrass

Latin Name: Holcus Lanatus

Native to Europe and now widespread throughout the United States. Less common in the far northern states. It was introduced as a forage grass, but easily escapes cultivated areas.

Crimson Fountaingrass

Latin Name: Pennisetum Setaceum

Native to Africa, but introduced as an ornamental grass to California. As an escape it grows rapidly along roadsides, but rarely causes problems in crops.

Crowfootgrass

Latin Name: Dactyloctenium Aegyptium

Introduced from the Old World Tropics of Asia or Africa, and now found throughout much of the U.S., particularly in the southern states, and south throughout Latin America, in Europe, Australia, and Hawaii.

Dallisgrass

Latin Name: Paspalum Dilatatum

Native to South America, now common throughout the southwest United States.

Deergrass

Latin Name: Muhlenbergia Rigens

Native to the west coast of the United States. Commonly used in ornamental settings due to its size and symmetry.

Diffuse Lovegrass

Latin Name: Eragrostis Diffusa

Native to the western United States.

Downy Brome

Latin Name: Bromus Tectorum

Introduced from the Mediterranean in packing materials, and now widely distributed throughout North America.

Early Watergrass

Latin Name: Echinochloa Oryzoides

Introduced from Asia, and found in California and Hawaii as an occasional weed in waste areas and along roadsides.

Fall Panicum

Latin Name: Panicum Dichotomiflorum

Native to central and eastern United States, now spread throughout the western states as well.

False Rhodes Grass

Latin Name: Chloris crinita

Native to North America, where it occurs from Arizona to Texas, and occasionally found as an introduced grass in the area of New York. It also occurs throughout Mexico and into South America.

Feather Fingergrass

Latin Name: Chloris Virgata

Native to tropical America, now widespread in the western United States.

Feathertop

Latin Name: Pennisetum Villosum

Native to Africa, and introduced as an ornamental grass. This is highly drought tolerant, and as an escape from cultivation it can be a problem along roadsides, in ditchbanks, and orchards.

Field Sandbur

Latin Name: Cenchrus Incertus

Native to warm regions of the western hemisphere, and currently found along the coastal states from Virginia south through Florida and west to California, as well as throughout Latin America and in Africa and parts of Asia.

Giant Reed

Latin Name: Arundo Donax

Native to warmer areas of Europe, and introduced to California as an ornamental and wind-break planting, as well as for use as a roofing material, mats or screens. It easily escapes cultivation and has become a major problem in natural settings due to its aggressive and dominating growth. In particular it is noxious in areas along river shores, irrigation or ditchbanks, and drainage canals. It grows in tall, solid thickets that may overwhelm large areas.

Golden Bamboo

Latin Name: Phyllostachys Aurea

Native to eastern Asia, but introduced as an ornamental plant. It can be found in landscape or along roadsides in many states with warm climates, including California and Oregon as well as most of the southeast states from Louisiana to Florida and north to Maryland.

Goosegrass

Latin Name: Eleusine Indica

Introduced from Europe, but now found throughout most of the United States.

Gopher-tail Lovegrass

Latin Name: Eragrostis Ciliaris

Native to Europe, but now found throughout the world, including throughout Latin America and in North America along the east coast states and west to Texas.

Green Foxtail

Latin Name: Setaria Viridis

Native to Europe, now common throughout much of the United States, especially in cooler climates. A particular problem in alfalfa fields, but also occurring in other row crops, along roadsides, waste areas, and in landscape.

Hairy Grama

Latin Name: Bouteloua Hirsuta

Native to the dry plains of central North America, and found from Canada south in the U.S. to Florida, Texas and Mexico, and west to Montana and Nevada

Harding Grass

Latin Name: Phalaris Tuberosa

Native to Eurasia, but introduced to the United States as a forage grass and for range improvement. It has spread widely, and now can be found in many states across the U.S., as well as in Hawaii. It occurs from Oregon south to Arizona, and in Texas and several Gulf States to Virginia.

Hare Barley

Latin Name: Hordeum Leporinum

Native to Europe, but introduced and now common throughout the western United States.

Hilo Grass

Latin Name: Paspalum Conjugatum

Native to tropical America, including the southeastern United States, where it is found from Florida to Texas. It also has been introduced to Hawaii around 1840 and is now a widespread noxious weed there.

Italian Ryegrass

Latin Name: Lolium Multiflorum

A native of Europe, and now widespread throughout the United States.

Johnsongrass

Latin Name: Sorghum Halepense

Native to the Mediterranean region, but deliberately introduced to the United States as a grass desirable for forage. Now widespread throughout the warm regions of the U.S. where it is a severe pest weed problem.

Jungle Rice

Latin Name: Echinochloa Colona

Native to Europe, and now widespread throughout the west and southwest United States. Found commonly in both cultivated fields and in waste areas.

Kikuyugrass

Latin Name: Pennisetum Clandestinum

Native to tropical Africa, but introduced deliberately to California as a cover along slopes and ditch banks for erosion control. As a very fast growing grass it also has been used for a turfgrass, but it is capable of escaping and invading other grasses where it is objectionable.

Knotgrass

Latin Name: Paspalum Distichum

Native to North America, and widely distributed throughout the United States and south into South America.

Knotroot Foxtail

Latin Name: Setaria Geniculata

Native to the United States, where it is found throughout the country from coast to coast, and into South America.

Large Crabgrass

Latin Name: Digitaria Sanguinalis

Native to Europe and now widespread in the United States.

Little Barley

Latin Name: Hordeum Pussillum

Native to western North America and found as far south as Argentina and throughout most of the U.S. except the northernmost and northeastern states.

Little Quaking Grass

Latin Name: Briza Minor

Introduced from Europe, and now found throughout the southern half of the United States, north in the east to New York and north in the west to Oregon and Idaho. It also has been introduced to Hawaii.

Littleseed Canarygrass

Latin Name: Phalaris Minor

Native to the Mediterranean region. Widespread in the southwest United States.

Medusahead

Latin Name: Taeniatherum Caput-medusae

Introduced from Europe and Asia, now a dominant grass species over widespread rangeland in the western United States, where it crowds out most other grass species. As a grass that is not conducive to grazing it has reduced grazing capacity in some areas up to 75%.

Mexican Sprangletop

Latin Name: Leptochloa Uninervia

Native to the United States, and widespread in this country.

Nimblewill

Latin Name: Muhlenbergia Schreberi

Native to North America, and found throughout the U.S. from the Midwest to the east coast, into Canada and south into Mexico.

Nodding Stipa

Latin Name: Nassella Cernua

A native grass in the western United States, and also in Hawaii.

Orchardgrass

Latin Name: Dactylis Glomerata

Native to Eurasia, now widespread throughout much of the United States.

Pampas Grass

Latin Name: Cortaderia Selloana

Native to Argentina, but introduced as a landscape plant, and now found in a number of states from Oregon and California east to Florida and north to New Jersey. It does best in warmer climates.

Panicgrass

Latin Name: Panicum Sp.

Some varieties native to North America, and particularly common in the southern tier states.

Perennial Ryegrass

Latin Name: Lolium Perenne

Native to Europe, but now widely distributed throughout the United States.

Quackgrass

Latin Name: Agropyron Repens

Introduced from Europe and now found throughout most of the United States, with the exceptions of the warm southern areas from South Carolina to Arizona.

Rabbitfoot Polypogon

Latin Name: Polypogon Monspeliensis

Native to southern and western Europe, now widespread in the United States.

Radiate Fingergrass

Latin Name: Chloris Radiata

Native to tropical America and Florida, but introduced to Hawaii and the Pacific Northwest.

Rat-tail Fescue

Latin Name: Vulpia Myuros

Introduced from Europe, and now found throughout the United States, in southern Canada and Latin America, as well as in Alaska and Hawaii. V. myuros and F. megalura are sometimes separated as two species, but currently combined as only one.

Rattlesnake Mannagrass

Latin Name: Glyceria Canadensis

Native to North America, and found in southern Canada, and in the United States in the Pacific Northwest, north Central, and northeast states.

Red Sprangletop

Latin Name: Leptochloa Filiformis

Native to tropical Latin America.

Reed Canarygrass

Latin Name: Phalaris Arundinacea

Native to Eurasia, and now found throughout the northern United States and Canada.

Rescuegrass

Latin Name: Bromus Catharticus

Native to South America, and introduced to the United States for cultivation as a winter forage in the southern states. Strong growth in winter and early spring make it suitable for forage. It commonly escapes cultivated areas and becomes troublesome in crops or non-crop situations.

Ripgut Brome

Latin Name: Bromus Diandrus

Native to Europe, and now widespread along the Pacific Coast states. It is a very common weed species in rangeland, roadsides, waste areas, or ditchbanks, where it may compete with native plants.

Rock Fingergrass

Latin Name: Chloris Petraea

A native grass in the United States and Latin America, and found in Pennsylvania, the southeast states and in Hawaii and the West Indies.

Roughstalk Bluegrass

Latin Name: Poa Trivialis

Introduced from Europe as a forage grass, and present throughout much of North America to Alaska. It also is used occasionally for turf in wet habitats, but does not tolerate dry conditions and thus is limited in its use as a turf grass.

Saltgrass

Latin Name: Distichlis Spicata

Native to the western United States.

Slender Sandbur

Latin Name: Cenchrus Gracillimus

Native to North America, and found in the extreme southeast states and in Puerto Rico.

Smooth Crabgrass

Latin Name: Digitaria Ischaemum

Native to Europe and now widespread in the United States.

Smutgrass

Latin Name: Sporobolus Spp.

Native to the southeastern U.S. and into Latin America, and found throughout the eastern and Midwestern states and west to California.

Soft Brome

Latin Name: Bromus Hordeaceus

Native of Eurasia, introduced from Europe, and widespread in the western United States. Winter growth serves as livestock forage in some areas.

Sour Grass

Latin Name: Digitaria Insularis

Native to tropical Americas including the southern United States, where it is present from Florida to Texas, as well as in Illinois and New Mexico. It was introduced to Hawaii in the early 1900’s and has become a noxious weed problem there.

Southern Sandbur

Latin Name: Cenchrus Echinatus

Found throughout the southern half of the U.S. from the east coast to New Mexico, south throughout Latin America, in Hawaii, as well as Africa and parts of Asia.

Southwestern Cupgrass

Latin Name: Eriochloa Gracilis

Native to the southwestern United States.

Squirreltail Grass

Latin Name: Elymus Elymoides

A native of western North America, where it occurs in every state from Texas north to North Dakota and west to the Pacific Coast, north into Canada and south into Mexico. It also may extend east into West Virginia.

Stinkgrass

Latin Name: Eragrostis Cilianensis

Introduced from Eurasia, now found throughout the United States.

Swamp Pricklegrass

Latin Name: Crypsis Schoenoides

Native to Eurasia and Africa, but now occurring in the western U.S. from Arizona to Idaho and along the Pacific Coast.

Sweet Vernalgrass

Latin Name: Anthoxanthum Odoratum

Native to Europe, and now spread widely across the U.S. , south through Latin America, and in Asia and Australia.

Tall Fescue

Latin Name: Festuca Arundinacea

Introduced from Europe, and now widely distributed throughout the United States.

Timothy

Latin Name: Phleum pratense

Native to Eurasia, but introduced as a forage crop and cultivation for hay. Now escaped and naturalized throughout most of North America.

Torpedograss

Latin Name: Panicum Repens

Thought to have originated in Europe, but now found on most continents and in the U.S. from the Carolinas along the Gulf states to Texas.

Vaseygrass

Latin Name: Paspalum Urvillei

Native to South America, but introduced as a forage plant, and now spread throughout the southern half of the U.S. from Virginia to California.

Ventenata

Latin Name: Ventenata Dubia

Native to Eurasia, widespread in the western United States. A common grass that grows in almost any situation as a low, dense cover. Once it’s seed panicles emerge it becomes useless as a forage grass, with seeds that have sharp, stout awns.

Wild Oats

Latin Name: Avena Fatua

Native to Europe, now widespread in the United States, being most common in the western half of the country. In California it is the most widespread and noxious of the winter annual grass weeds.

Wild-proso Millet

Latin Name: Panicum Miliaceum

Not a native of the United States. Possibly from Asia or Europe, and now found throughout much of the western U.S.

Witchgrass

Latin Name: Panicum Capillare

Native to the eastern United States, and now common throughout the U.S. and southern Canada.

Yellow Foxtail

Latin Name: Setaria Glauca

Native to Eurasia, but an important weed species in cultivated areas throughout the world, including much of the United States.

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