Native to southeastern United States, and found sporadically from North Carolina south to Florida, and west to Texas and California. It also is found in Hawaii, the Caribbean, and south through Latin America.
A perennial weed that reproduces from seeds, but also can spread from broken root sections. The plant has a strong, deep taproot that severs when the plant is pulled. Plants can be a noxious problem in turf, where they form dense vine-like mats over the grass and crowd out the desired plants. They also are found along roadsides, in disturbed areas, and in ornamental gardens.
Mature plants grow low to the soil with numerous stems that are thin but tough. Leaves are opposite on short stalks, and have an oval to heart shape. The tiny red flowers are produced in small clusters at the tips of the stems, and have a sticky feel to them.
Characteristicts Important to Control:
A systemic herbicide will be needed to kill all parts of the plant, and in turf a selective product will prevent damage to the turf.