This native beetle attacks elm trees, in particular American, Siberian, and Chinese elms. Adult beetles overwinter in chambers at the base of elm trees, emerging in the spring to fly to dying or recently killed branches of elm trees where the female burrows under the bark, bores a gallery in that area, and deposits eggs along both sides of this channel. The larvae then burrow outward from this egg channel to feed in the cambium of the tree. New adults emerge from these trees carrying the Dutch Elm Disease fungus on them, Ophiostoma ulmi, and fly to new, healthy trees to feed on the bark, creating small holes and infecting these new trees. The fungus then moves through the vascular system of the tree, resulting in sudden wilting of the foliage and death of the tree. There is a single generation of the beetles each year.
Heavily infested trees are removed and burned. Those with only minor evidence of Dutch Elm Disease may be heavily pruned to remove the infected branches immediately after any wilting is noticed. Maintaining trees in a healthy state will help them to repel attacking beetles. Preventive applications of residual insecticides may be applied to the trunk and branches prior to the emergence of the adult beetles in the spring. Systemic insecticides may also be helpful, either as soil applied chemicals that are taken up by the roots or as trunk injections.