A perennial with reproduction from either seeds or the vegetative parts, as pads laying on the soil will produce new roots and new plants. Flowering is in the summer, with a large berry-like seed pod forming in late summer. A common plant in dry sandy or rocky soils and occasionally in poorly maintained turf. Plants are able to tolerate burning, and recover to continue growth.
Careful physical removal is a good approach, possibly with a pre-emergent application to control seeds that remain. Well maintained turf and landscape plantings are not very susceptible to this slow-growing plant.