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Pest Information

Annual Bluegrass

Annual Bluegrass

  • Latin Name: Poa Annua
  • Common Name: Annual Bluegrass
  • Other Names: Poa, walkgrass

Pest Details

Annual Bluegrass
Annual Bluegrass

Origin:

Native to Europe, but one of the most widely distributed weed grasses in the United States. It thrives in turf, gardens, crops, roadsides, or any other open area.

Biology:

An annual grass, with seeds germinating from late summer, through the winter, and into the following spring. Plants mature from late spring to early summer. Grows well in turf, where it outgrows the desirable turf creating a light green discoloration with abundant seedhead production, and when it dies in the summer it leaves a brown area on the turf.

Identification:

Mature plants may be 1 foot tall and bright green. Reproduces only from seed, so stems grow from central point at the soil. Leaves are 2 to 3 inches long, hairless and soft, with ripples or crinkles commonly found near the center of the blade. Seed head may be 1 to 6 inches long with spreading branches which themselves may branch again. Seed heads are flattened and short, with only 3 to 6 seeds per cluster.

Characteristicts Important to Control:

May be a common weed in turf seed farms, resulting in turf seed contaminated with the Poa seeds. Germinates early and grows throughout the winter, dying out as hot season sets in. Easily adapts to mowing of turf, and will easily produce seed-heads even when mowed regularly. High fertility and irrigation encourage the growth of annual bluegrass.

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