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Pest Information

Crown Whitefly

Crown Whitefly

  • Latin Name: Aleuroplatus coronata
  • Common Name: Crown Whitefly
  • Latin Family Name: Aleyrodidae
  • Other Names: N/A

Pest Details

Crown Whitefly
Crown Whitefly
Crown Whitefly

Origin:

Native to the southern U.S. and Mexico, and now a common pest on native oaks in the western states.

Biology:

Restricted to oak and chinquapin trees, and primarily evident in the western U.S. It is rarely a threat to the health of the trees, but large populations can reduce the aesthetic appearance by covering the lower surface of the leaves. Honeydew may be produced to drip onto surfaces below. Several generations are possible each year. Typical whitefly life cycle of eggs laid over the surface of the leaf hatching to the mobile first instar nymph. As this moves to the second instar the legs are lost and the insect becomes sessile, feeding in one place through the next nymph stages and the pupa.

Identification:

Identified most easily by the pupa, which has a black oval body surrounded by wide lateral sheets of white wax, wide white wax sheets protruding from the front and rear, and a vertical dorsal “crown” of white wax arising from the top of the body. The adult is similar to most other whiteflies, with white powdery wings and resembling a tiny moth. The nymph is similar to the pupa except that the waxy sheets are much shorter.

Characteristicts Important to Control:

Initiating control as soon as a few whiteflies are noticed will increase the chances of success. Contact insecticides often provide very little control due to the repellency of the wax on the insect and the occurrence of resistance to may insecticides. A systemic product that can penetrate the plant’s tissues may be most effective. Horticultural oils also will help by coating the insects and smothering them. Reapplications at 5 to 7 day intervals may be needed, and any sprays should be directed at the lower surface of the leaf and applied thoroughly.

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