A native of Europe that was introduced as an ornamental plant, this has escaped cultivation and now is found in meadows, roadsides, and empty lots, as well as turf and landscape.
A perennial which spreads by rhizomes as well as propagation from seeds. In cooler climates the foliage dies back to the crown, with new growth beginning as a rosette of leaves. Flowering occurs throughout the summer months.
Mature plants have long thin, somewhat spindly stems, each stem terminating with a single flower head, or sometimes slight branching and more than a single flower head. Stems are smooth and hairless.
The leaves are alternate along the stems and lower leaves are potentially as long as 7 inches, with the lower leaves much longer than upper leaves. The leaf shape varies quite a bit, from wide to narrow, from margins that are smooth to those with toothed or lobed margins.
Flower heads are typically daisy-like and about 2 inches in diameter, with yellow disc flowers and long, white ray flowers in a very open habit.
Characteristicts Important to Control:
A perennial spreading by rhizomes, making physical removal less effective. Cultivation of the soil tends to discourage the plants.