Both fruiting and non-fruiting varieties occur, and the fruit is highly edible. However, in landscapes the fruiting trees are an extraordinary mess when the berries begin to fall. Trees are planted in landscape due to their rapid growth and spreading habit, providing shade quickly. They are relatively pest free, but growth can be excessive and difficult to control and the roots are invasive and frequently stay near the surface of the soil. Leaves are a food source for commercial silkworm production. Reproduction is from seeds in the fruiting form, and propagation from stems is done for the non-fruiting variety. The sap from leaves, stems, and unripe fruit is toxic.
Physical removal of a tree can be effective, with the stump treated with a registered herbicide to kill the roots. Sprouts are likely from the stump or roots for a period of time.