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Showing 8 types of FISH

Common carp

Latin Name: Cyprinus carpio

This fish is native to Asia, but due to the ease of raising it in captivity it was transported to most other areas of the world to be bred for food, with some of the earliest known records of its use in this manner over 2,000 years ago. It now can be found in every state in the U.S. with the exception of Alaska and possibly Maine, and much of Canada and in most waterways and large lakes in those regions. It was intentionally introduced into lakes in the Midwest U.S. in the 1880’s as a “game” fish.

Flathead catfish

Latin Name: Pylodictis olivaris

This fish is native to much of the U.S. west of the Appalachian Mountains, from North Dakota south into Arizona and Mexico and including larger rivers in Mississippi, Missouri, and the Ohio Basin. But it is invasive and introduced into many states east of its native range as well.

Mosquito fish

Latin Name: Gambusia affinis

The fish is native to the central Midwest of the U.S. and southward along the Mississippi River to the Gulf and into Mexico. It has been introduced to many other continents for mosquito control, and is credited with dramatic reductions in malaria in some areas of South America and Asia.

Northern pike

Latin Name: Esox lucius

Apparently this fish is a native of the Northern Hemispheres of both New and Old Worlds, present in Europe, Russia, Canada and northern U.S., including Alaska, but even with populations as far south as Arizona.

Northern snakehead

Latin Name: Channa argus

This fish is native to eastern Asia, including China and Korea, but was discovered in a pond in Maryland in 2002. Since then it also has been reported in a pond in a park in British Columbia. In its native regions it is considered an important food fish, and for this reason has been deliberately transported and introduced into many other countries of the world. The discovery in Maryland was dealt with by successful eradication of the fish in that pond and the subsequent admission by a man who had deliberately placed them in the lake. In 2004 they were discovered in the Potomac River and now have permanently established themselves there. Numerous other discoveries have been made in rivers and lakes from the East Coast to California.

Round goby

Latin Name: Neogobius melanostomus

This invasive pest fish is native to Eastern Europe and Central Asia, but was first found in the area of the Great Lakes in 1990, presumed to have been left there in ballast waters of ocean-going ships. Since that time it has occupied all of the Great Lakes and has worked its way into many of its tributaries.

Sea lamprey

Latin Name: Petromyzon marinus

This parasitic fish is native to the Atlantic Coasts of North America and Europe, but managed to find its way into the Great Lakes in the 1830’s. It was first found in Lake Erie, but work and improvements on canals and tributaries led to its movement into the rest of the Great Lakes in the early 1900’s. By the 1930’s it was causing massive damage to the native fish populations in these lakes.

Three spined stickleback

Latin Name: Gasterosteus aculeatus

This fish is native to northern waters in North America as well as Europe and Asia. It has been introduced to many other aquatic habitats as a biological control for mosquito larvae.

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