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TRUE SPIDERS

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Showing 26 types of TRUE SPIDERS

Barn funnel weaver

Latin Name: Tegenaria domestica

Possibly European in origin, but current thought is that it may be native to Canada and has spread south from there. It now is found throughout much of the U.S. and southern Canada as well as all of Europe.

Black And Yellow Argiope

Latin Name: Argiope Aurantia

Latin Family Name: Araneidae

Many species of spiders in this large family are native to North America.

Black widow spiders

Latin Name: Latrodectus sp.

Latin Family Name: Theridiidae

Five species of these native spiders occur in North America, being found in all states and in southern Canada. Other species may be found worldwide.

Brown widow

Latin Name: Latrodectus geometricus

The actual origin of this species is uncertain, as it was first discovered in South America, but believed to have originated in Africa. It was found in Florida in the mid-20th century and remained restricted to that state until around 2000 when it began to be found in other states from Texas to South Carolina and in 2003 showed up in southern California. Since that time it has spread rapidly throughout southern California and is thought to even be displacing the black widows there.

Cellar spiders or Daddy-Long-Legs Spider

Latin Name: Pholcidae

Latin Family Name: Pholcidae

Several dozen species of Pholcids are native to North America, with the three species listed above the most common to be found in and on structures.

Chilean recluse spider

Latin Name: Loxosceles laeta

This species is native to much of South America, but commonly hitchhikes on exported materials. It has been found in several Central America countries, in Finland, and in scattered states in the U.S., including California, Florida, Massachusetts, and Kansas. It does not appear currently to be a breeding resident in North America.

Common jumping spider

Latin Name: Phidippus audax

Latin Family Name: Salticidae

These beneficial spiders are native to the United States and Canada.

Cork-lid trapdoor spiders

Latin Name: Ctenizidae

There are 3 genera of these native spiders in North America, with only a few species in each genus. Ummidia is found across the southern U.S., Bothriocyrtum is along the Pacific Coast, and Cyclocosmia has seven species in the southeast U.S. south into Central America.

Crab spiders

Latin Name: Thomisidae

These are native spiders in North America.

Desert violin spider

Latin Name: Loxosceles deserta

This is a native species in the southwest U.S.

Giant house spider

Latin Name: Tegenaria gigantea

This species currently is believed to be native to Europe but was first discovered in North America in 1929, reaching Seattle in 1960.

Ground spider

Latin Name: Gnaphosa sp.

These are primarily native species in North America.

Hobo spider

Latin Name: Tegenaria agrestis

Latin Family Name: Agelenidae

Like the Domestic house spider this species was believed to be native to Europe, but new evidence suggests that it has long been a native of western Canada and now has moved into the Pacific Northwest of the U.S. as well, where it is common in and around homes. It appears to be moving eastward and now can be found in Colorado, Montana, and Wyoming and west to the Pacific Coast of Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia.

Lynx spiders

Latin Name: Oxyopidae

These are native spiders in North America.

Nursery web spiders

Latin Name: Pisauridae

These are native species in North America.

Parson Spider

Latin Name: Herpyllus ecclesiasticus

Latin Family Name: Gnaphosidae

Native to North America, and found throughout the United States.

Purseweb Spiders

Latin Name: Atypidae

There are several native species in North America.

Sheetweb spiders

Latin Name: Linyphiidae

There are many native species in North America.

Spiny-backed orb weaver

Latin Name: Gasteracantha sp.

These likely originated in Asia, considering the abundance of species in this genus in that continent.

Tarantulas

Latin Name: Theraphosidae

Latin Family Name: Theraphosidae

From 30 to 40 species of these huge spiders are found in North America, with the majority of them found in the southwestern states of the U.S. and south into Latin America.

Violin spider

Latin Name: Loxosceles reclusa

Latin Family Name: Loxoscelidae

There are 11 species of Loxosceles that are native to the United States, and at least one imported species that is found in the southwest. The Brown Recluse, L. reclusa, has the widest range, from a small area of western Florida to Texas and north to Iowa. It has been found sporadically as a transient in other states. The other 10 native species are found in the southwest from Texas to California.

Wall spiders

Latin Name: Oecobiidae

These are native spiders in North America.

Wolf Spiders

Latin Name: Lycosidae

Latin Family Name: Lycosidae

There are over 200 species of wolf spiders found north of Mexico, and these often are the most common spiders in cold climates of high mountains or far northern regions.

Woodlouse hunter

Latin Name: Dysdera crocata

This cosmopolitan species originated in Europe, but now is common throughout the U.S. and southern Canada.

Yellow sac spider

Latin Name: Cheiracantheum sp.

C. inclusum is native to North America and found throughout the U.S. C. mildei is introduced from Europe and occupies much of the Northeast U.S., as of 1978, and likely has expanded its range considerably since that time.

Zebra jumping spider

Latin Name: Salticus scenicus

This species is thought to be native to Europe, but now occurs widely in North America in southern Canada and coast to coast in the northern U.S.

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