MOSQUITOES, GNATS, FLIES

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Showing 79 types of MOSQUITOES, GNATS, FLIES

Apple maggot

Latin Name: Rhagoletis pomonella

This is a native insect in North America.

Asian tiger mosquito

Latin Name: Aedes albopictus

This species is native to Asia but was introduced into Hawaii in the late 1900’s and was found in the continental U.S. in Texas in 1985. It now is found in at least 26 states and as far north as Minnesota and Pennsylvania, south to Florida, and west to West Texas. It also is now found in South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean, in Africa and Europe, and in Australia and several major islands of the South Pacific. It’s spread has been tied in some cases to the movement of automobile tires and the larvae living in water in these tires.

Bee Flies

Latin Name: Bombyliidae

There are a great many native species of these flies in North America.

Biting Midges

Latin Name: Culicoides Sp.

These are native insects in North America.

Biting snipe fly

Latin Name: Symphoromyia sp.

These are native species in North America.

Biting Stable Fly

Latin Name: Stomoxys Calcitrans

Latin Family Name: Muscidae

This species is found throughout North America and Europe.

Black Blow Fly

Latin Name: Phormia regina

The true origin is unknown, as these flies are found throughout the world.

Black flies

Latin Name: Simuliidae

At least 255 species of these native insects occur in North America.

Black scavenger flies

Latin Name: Sepsidae

Three or more dozen species of these native flies are found in North America.

Black Soldier Fly

Latin Name: Hermetia illucens

Latin Family Name: Stratiomyidae

Native to North America, and a member of a large family of flies that otherwise are not of any pest significance.

Blue Blow Fly

Latin Name: Calliphora vicina

The true origin is unknown, as these flies are found throughout the world.

Cabbage maggot

Latin Name: Delia radicum

This fly is native to Europe but made its way into North America in the early 1800’s. It prefers cooler climates and is a bigger problem in the northern U.S. and southern Canada than warmer regions to the south.

Cheese Skipper

Latin Name: Piophila Casei

Latin Family Name: Piophilidae

European or Asian in origin, but now found throughout the world.

Cherry Fruit Fly

Latin Name: Rhagoletis cingulata (east), R. indifferens (west), R. fausta (Canada, N. U.S.)

These are native species in North America but some now occur widely in Europe as well. They are often spread in infested fruit where their presence is not detected.

Chrysanthemum Gall Midge

Latin Name: Diarthronomyia chrysanthemi

This is native to North America from southern Canada south into the northern tier of states in the U.S. wherever chrysanthemums are grown commercially. It also may be a pest of these plants in the landscape.

Clear Lake gnat

Latin Name: Chaoborus astictopus

This is a native insect in California.

Cluster Fly

Latin Name: Pollenia rudis

Latin Family Name: Calliphoridae

Possibly native to North America, and found throughout the United States, Canada, and in Europe.

Common Flesh Flies

Latin Name: Sarcophaga Sp.

Latin Family Name: Sarcophagidae

Many species native to North America.

Dark eyed fruit fly

Latin Name: Drosophila repleta

There are 91 species in what is called the Drosophila repleta “group” in North and South America and they are native to this Hemisphere. Given the sudden and recent appearance of these flies in North America they may be native to Central and South America.

Dark-Winged Fungus Gnats

Latin Name: Sciaridae

Latin Family Name: Sciaridae

Many species of these tiny flies are native to North America.

Deer Flies

Latin Name: Chrysops sp.

Latin Family Name: Tabanidae

A number of species are native to North America.

Deer ked

Latin Name: Lipoptena cervi

This is native to Europe and Asia but was introduced to North America where it now parasitizes cattle, horses, deer and other hoofed animals, as well as humans. In a lab setting it can be induced to feed on nearly any other warm blooded animal including birds.

Drain fly

Latin Name: Psychoda sp.

Latin Family Name: Psychodidae

A number of native species of flies in this family occur throughout North America.

Drone Fly Or Rat-tailed Maggot

Latin Name: Eristalis Tenax

Latin Family Name: Syrphidae

Native to North America, and a genus of a number of species found throughout the United States.

Dump fly

Latin Name: Ophyra leucostoma

Possibly a native in North America but now found nearly worldwide. In North America they are found in Canada and throughout the U.S., south into Central America.

European Crane Fly

Latin Name: Tipula paludosa

This is a native of Europe that found its way into the Pacific Northwest around 1955. It now is established in Washington, some of northwestern Oregon, and into British Columbia, with a possible presence in northern California.

Eye gnats

Latin Name: Hippelates Sp.

These are native flies in North America and are common throughout the continent.

Face Fly

Latin Name: Musca autumnalis

Latin Family Name: Muscidae

A native of Europe and Asia, this fly is now found throughout North America as well.

Flower fly

Latin Name: Eupeodes sp.

These are native species found throughout North America and the world.

Frit fly

Latin Name: Oscinella frit

These may be native insects in North America and they are found in southern Canada, nearly all of the U.S., and south into Mexico. They also may be found in Europe.

Fungus Gnats

Latin Name: Mycetophilidae

These are primarily native species in North America.

Giant Crane Fly

Latin Name: Holorusia rubiginosa

Latin Family Name: Tipulidae

Many species native to North America.

Gray flesh fly

Latin Name: Wohlfahrtia vigil

This is a native species in North America and is found throughout the continent north to Alaska.

Green Blow Fly

Latin Name: Phaenicia sericata

Latin Family Name: Calliphoridae

Several species that are native to North America, and widely spread throughout the continent and into Latin America.

Hessian Fly

Latin Name: Mayetiola destructor

This is a native of Asia but made its way to Europe and then to North America during the late 1700’s, supposedly in the straw bedding of Hessian troops during the American Revolution, giving the fly its common name.

Horn fly

Latin Name: Haematobia irritans

Native to Europe, this fly is found throughout North America and most other continents.

Horse Flies

Latin Name: Tabanus Sp.

Latin Family Name: Tabanidae

A number of native species occur in North America, particularly in the more humid states where the moist conditions the larvae need are available year-round.

Horse stomach bot fly

Latin Name: Gasterophilus intestinalis

It is believed that these flies all originated in Africa but the horse bot fly is now found worldwide. They are moved from region to region within infested animals. Female flies also will travel several miles in search of a host animal.

House mosquito

Latin Name: Culex pipiens, Culex quinquefasciatus

These may be native species in North America.

Human bot fly

Latin Name: Dermatobia Hominis

These flies are native to Latin America and are present from southern Mexico to southern South America.

Kelp flies

Latin Name: Coelopidae

These are native flies in North America.

Latrine fly

Latin Name: Fannia scalaris

Likely European in origin this species now occurs throughout the world.

Leaf Miner Flies

Latin Name: Agromyzidae

Native to Europe but now found worldwide in greenhouses where mums and other related flowers are grown.

Little House Fly

Latin Name: Fannia canicularis

Latin Family Name: Muscidae

Probably native to North America, but found in many other countries as well.

Long legged flies

Latin Name: Dolichopodidae

These are native insects in North America.

Love bug

Latin Name: Plecia nearctica

This species is native to the southeastern U.S. and Mexico.

Malaria mosquitoes

Latin Name: Anopheles sp.

Latin Family Name: Culicidae

Approximately 16 species in North America, most considered native to the continent.

Mansonia mosquitoes

Latin Name: Mansonia sp.

Latin Family Name: Culicidae

Two species of mosquitoes in this genus are native to North America, ranging from Texas and Oklahoma to the East Coast, from Florida north to New York and Ohio. Most prevalent, though, in south Texas and in Florida.

March flies

Latin Name: Bibio sp.

These are native insects in North America.

Mediterranean Fruit Fly

Latin Name: Ceratitis capitata

This species is native to northern Africa but is now established in nearly all food growing regions of the world. It is not at this time considered to be “established” in the U.S. due to successful eradication efforts each time it appears. It is easily transported from one place to another in infested fruits where the eggs or larvae are not detected.

Melon Fruit Fly

Latin Name: Bactrocera cucurbitae

This fly is native to India but is now found throughout much of Asia, in several African countries, and was first found in Hawaii in the late 1800’s.

Mexican Fruit Fly

Latin Name: Anastrepha ludens

This fly is native to Mexico and south into Central America, but is occasionally found in Texas, California, and Arizona.

Midges

Latin Name: Chironomidae

Latin Family Name: Chironomidae

These are native insects in North America.

Minute black scavenger flies

Latin Name: Scatopsidae

These are native species in North America.

Olive Fruit Fly

Latin Name: Bactrocera oleae

This fly likely is native to the Mediterranean region but was first found in the U.S. in California in 1998, posing a serious threat to the huge olive industry in that state. It is believed to have come to the U.S. from France with infested olives.

Oriental Fruit Fly

Latin Name: Bactrocera dorsalis

This fly is native to Southeast Asia but has established itself on a number of Pacific Islands, including Hawaii, and is intercepted occasionally in the continental United States. It is a quarantine species.

Ox warble

Latin Name: Hypoderma bovis

These flies are native to North America.

Phorid fly

Latin Name: Megacelia sp.

Latin Family Name: Phoridae

These flies, including the common species found in the United States, may be found throughout the world.

Picture-winged Flies

Latin Name: Ulidiidae

These are native insects in North America.

Predatory mosquito

Latin Name: Toxorhynchites sp.

Latin Family Name: Culicidae

There are 71 species of this genus found throughout the world, most in tropical countries on most continents. There is a single species native to the eastern United States, and several species have been introduced to Hawaii as bio-control agents.

Robber flies

Latin Name: Asilidae

These are native flies in North America.

Salt Marsh Mosquitoes

Latin Name: Aedes Sp.

Latin Family Name: Culicidae

There are at least 70 species in this complicated genus in North America, ranging through all types of habitats and climates, and varying widely in their habits and appearances. A new import is Aedes albopictus, the Asian Tiger Mosquito.

Sand fly

Latin Name: Phlebotomus sp.

These are native insects in North America.

Screw-worm flies

Latin Name: Cochliomyia sp.

Four native species occur in North America south to Mexico, but 2 of these are not in the U.S. and 1 species, the Primary Screw-worm (Cochliomyia hominivorax) was successfully eradicated from the U.S. in 1982 using sterile fly releases. It then was eradicated further south in 1994 through 1996 in several Central American countries and ongoing efforts continue for eradication in Mexico, Panama, and other southern Central America countries.

Seaweed fly

Latin Name: Fucillia sp.

Most species will be native insects in North America.

Sheep Bot Fly

Latin Name: Oestrus ovis

This is a native insect in North America.

Sheep Ked

Latin Name: Melophagus ovinus

These are native to Europe and North Africa, but introduced to most other areas of the world where sheep are present. They were introduced to North and South America and some evidence suggests they may even infest native sheep.

Shore Flies

Latin Name: Ephydridae

There are at least 430 native species of these flies in North America.

Small Dung Flies

Latin Name: Sphaeroceridae

Latin Family Name: Sphaeroceridae

A number of native species of these flies are found in North America.

Stiletto flies

Latin Name: Therevidae

There are about 150 native species of these flies in North America.

Tachina flies

Latin Name: Tachinidae

Latin Family Name: Tachinidae

Many species that are native to North America, as well as some introduced species brought in as biological controls for moth larvae. This is one of the largest families of flies in North America.

The House Fly

Latin Name: Musca Domestica

Latin Family Name: Muscidae

This species is found abundantly throughout the world, and in many countries, where sanitation is not adequate and human wastes are commonly deposited outdoors, the House Fly is responsible for the spread of numerous serious diseases. Included in this list are dysentery, typhoid, cholera, poliomyelitis, yaws, anthrax, tularemia, intestinal parasites and eye parasites. It is incriminated in the spread of food infections from bacteria such as Shigella and Salmonella.

Tsetse flies

Latin Name: Glossina sp.

Native to Africa.

Uranotaenia Mosquitoes

Latin Name: Uranotaenia

Latin Family Name: Culicidae

There are three species of this mosquito in North America, ranging from California to Florida and Georgia.

Valley black gnat

Latin Name: Leptoconops torrens

This is a native species in the western U.S., ranging from Texas to Colorado to California.

Vinegar Fly

Latin Name: Drosophila melanogaster

Many species of these flies occur throughout the world. The species Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most common in structures, and is used extensively in laboratory studies of genetic characteristics.

Walnut Husk Fly

Latin Name: Rhagoletis completa

This species is native to eastern North America, but was detected in California in 1926 and in Europe in the 1980’s. In the west U.S. it spread into Washington by the 1950’s.

Wyeomyia Mosquitoes

Latin Name: Wyeomyia

Latin Family Name: Culicidae

Four species of this mosquito are native residents of North America, distributed from Florida north along the east coast into Canada, and west to Minnesota.

Yellow fever mosquito

Latin Name: Aedes aegypti

This species is found throughout the world in tropical regions, its true origin not well known.

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